Following the Civil War came Reconstruction. During this period, the South was transformed, through a series of congressional acts, from a totally segregated region where former slaves had no rights became a totally segregated region where these same slavs were supposed to have rights but did not.
Much of this dubious progress occurred during the admnistration of President Ulysses S. Grant. In 1868, Grant defeated a man named Horatio Seymour.
Grant had his work cut out for him, healing a nation which, for the most part, did not want to be healed. Feelings ran high, both in the North and the South. The common ground that the two parts of the same nation supposedly possessed was proving elusive.